Author: Allen Bobinac
Right now there are 29 animals that inhabit Ireland that are endangered. The list includes the Red Squirrel, Red Deer, Woodmouse and Grey wolf. The climate is changing rapidly with a lot of species dying forever. Criteria for a species to be considered endangered is if population size reduction of 70 percent in the last 10 years or if their area of occupancy is less than 5,000 km² or Population size is fewer than 250.
In Ireland the reason that these species are dying out in not farming and lack of wildness or any of human activity that threatens these animals. The reason is that they have to compete with “alien mammals” species that didn’t naturally inhabit Ireland in the past and they have been brought over by humans. These species are being regarded as invasive and some of them are the Ferret, Muntjac Der is Originally from China, this small deer has been introduced to Ireland by English in the 19th century. The Grey Squirrel threatens the native Red Squirrel by competing for food and space. The list also includes brown and black rat and they are attacking birds and other native species, leading to the decline or local extinction of bird species around Ireland. As well as eating birds and small animals, the rats also eat leaves, seeds, flowers, plants, damaging ecosystems across the country.
One of the most recognizable endangered species in Ireland is the Red squirrel that is competing against the Brown squirrel, Brown squirrels are much more adapted to find winter food which is resulting in starvation of the Red squirrel.Ireland biggest mammal is the Red deer, that Kerry locals know since 5000 years ago, the reason for the Red deer to be on the list of endangered species in Ireland is the potential interbreeding of the pure Kerry red deer with other deer.
Grey wolf was common in Ireland and it was and was common to see them across the island. The last wolf was killed in the 18th century. They were hunted for their skin which is the main reason for their extinction. In 2015 they have been introduced again to Ireland as they inhabit Ireland in small number in the largest National Park, Glenveagh National Park in Donegal.
“It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change, that lives within the means available and works co-operatively against common threats”. Charles Darwin
These animals that use to inhabit Ireland now can mostly be found abroad or in the history books.